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Re: Counter Mode: Proposed Way Forward



>>>>> "Russ" == Russ Housley <housley@xxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:

 Russ> I updated the AES Counter Mode draft.  It should be posted as
 Russ> soon as the repository administrator returns from the holiday
 Russ> break.  The document describes the use of a nonce as previously
 Russ> discussed on the list.  And, a new section describes the way
 Russ> that IKE can provide the nonce.  This is the only part that has
 Russ> not already been discussed on the list, so I am posting it here
 Russ> to foster discussion.

 Russ> 5. IKE Conventions

 Russ> As described in section 2.1, implementations MUST use fresh
 Russ> keys with AES-CTR.  The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) [IKE]
 Russ> protocol can be used to establish fresh keys.  IKE can also
 Russ> provide the nonce value.  This section describes the
 Russ> conventions for obtaining the unpredictable nonce from IKE.

 Russ> The IKE_SA_init and the IKE_SA_init_response each contain a
 Russ> nonce.  These nonces are used as inputs to cryptographic
 Russ> functions.  The CREATE_CHILD_SA request and the CREATE_CHILD_SA
 Russ> response also contain nonces.  These nonces are used to add
 Russ> freshness to keys for child security associations.  In both
 Russ> cases, these nonces are unpredictable, they are longer than 32
 Russ> bits, and IKE transfers the nonce value to the peer.

 Russ> Each party will use the nonce that it generated for encryption,
 Russ> and the nonce that the other party generated for decryption.
 Russ> The 32 least significant bits of the nonce used to establish
 Russ> the security association will be used in the AES-CTR counter
 Russ> block.  For the first security association, the nonces come
 Russ> from the IKE_SA_init and IKE_SA_init_response.  For subsequent
 Russ> security associations, the nonces come from the CREATE_CHILD_SA
 Russ> request and CREATE_CHILD_SA response.

Why not simply use some more of the generated key material for the
nonce?  That seems a lot cleaner than reaching into the internals of
IKE for the bits you need.

    paul